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Hawthorn Fruit

Shan Zha, also known as Crataegi Fructus, Crataegus, or Sanzashi in Japanese, is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) remedy derived from the hawthorn fruit. This natural remedy has been used for centuries to treat various health conditions, primarily those related to food stagnation and blood circulation. In this article, we will discuss the benefits, ingredients, usage, and precautions of Shan Zha.

Product Information

Shan Zha is available in liquid form and is typically taken as a dietary supplement. To use Shan Zha, shake the bottle well before each use and take 20-30 drops (1 ml or 1 full squeeze of the dropper bulb) mixed with 2 oz of juice or water up to four times a day.

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Materia Medica Categories

Shan Zha is classified under the "Relieve Food Stagnation" chapter and section in the traditional Chinese Materia Medica.

Symptoms and TCM Patterns

Shan Zha is used to address various symptoms and TCM patterns, including:

  1. Bulging Disorders
  2. Blood Stasis
  3. Blood-Stagnant
  4. Stuck Food

Shan Zha does not have specific tongue or pulse indications listed in the Materia Medica.


Shan Zha should be avoided in the following conditions:

  1. Spleen Deficiency
  2. Stomach Deficiency
  3. Pregnancy

Additionally, it is advised not to give Shan Zha in large doses.


Shan Zha is made from 100% Crataegus (山楂).

Treatment Principles

Shan Zha is primarily used to:

  1. Reduce Food Stagnation
  2. Invigorate Blood
  3. Alleviate Diarrhea
  4. Transform Accumulation
  5. Transform Blood Stasis
  6. Dissipate Clumps
  7. Stop Diarrhea

Properties and Channels

Shan Zha has an affinity for the Liver, Spleen, and Stomach channels, with each channel accounting for 33% of its action. It has a slightly warm property (100%) and is sour (50%) and sweet (50%) in taste.


Shan Zha is a time-tested traditional Chinese medicine remedy that has been used for centuries to address various health conditions, particularly those related to food stagnation and blood circulation. As with any herbal remedy, it is essential to follow the recommended dosage and consult a healthcare professional before using Shan Zha, especially if you have any contraindications.