The Four Methods of Diagnosis

The four methods of diagnosis refer to diagnosis by observations, questioning the patient, hearing and smell and taking the pulse. In clinical practice, the four methods are used in combination.

Detecting internal conditions through external manifestations is the key to diagnosis in Chinese medicine. This is based upon the theory that any internal conditions will be manifest externally. Thus, a physician is able to know about the internal conditions of a patient through such external manifestations as complexion, skin conditions and the spirits.

Diagnosis by Observations
Diagnosis by Questioning the Patient
Diagnosis by Hearing and Smell
Pulse Diagnosis