Learn About Mycotoxins: Types, Effects on Health and Prevention

Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by certain molds that grow on food and feed crops, and can cause serious health problems in humans and animals. In this article, we will discuss some of the most common mycotoxins and their effects on human and animal health.

Types of Mycotoxins

There are several types of mycotoxins, each with its specific chemical structure and toxicity level. Some of the most common types of mycotoxins include:

  1. Acetaldehyde and Acetaldehyde-N
  2. Aflatoxin
  3. Alcohol 
  4. Altemariol Monomethyl Ether and Alternariol
  5. Amanita
  6. Beauvericin
  7. Citrinin
  8. Cyciosporin
  9. Dendrodochium Toxicum
  10. Deoxynivaleno
  11. Ergotamine/Ergot
  12. Ergovaline
  13. Fumonisin
  14. Fumonisin B1, B2
  15. Fusaric Acid
  16. Fusarins
  17. Fusarium Roseum
  18. Fusarium Trichiella

Effects on Human and Animal Health

Mycotoxins can cause a range of health problems in humans and animals, including acute toxicity and long-term effects such as cancer, immunosuppression, and reproductive issues. Some mycotoxins can also cause liver and kidney damage, digestive problems, neurological issues, and DNA damage.


Preventing mycotoxin contamination in crops and feed can be challenging, but some strategies can help reduce the risk. These strategies include using good agricultural practices, controlling moisture and temperature during storage, using mold inhibitors, and avoiding moldy feed and crops.


Mycotoxins are a serious health concern that can have significant impacts on human and animal health. Understanding the types of mycotoxins and their effects on health is essential for preventing contamination and protecting ourselves and our livestock. By following good agricultural practices and implementing preventive measures, we can reduce the risk of mycotoxin contamination and ensure food and feed safety.