Diagnosis by Hearing and Smell
Diagnosis by Hearing and Smell includes hearing the patient's voice and the sounds of coughing, respiration, and so on, and smelling the patient's mouth and body. Some diseases may give rise to offensive smells, such as ulcers, tumors, or carbuncles. In some acute contagious diseases or in failure of the liver and kidney functions, there may be special smells to be detected. In addition, when a patient is suffering from heat in the lungs and stomach, he or she may have bad breath; this may also be the case when a patient is suffering from indigestion.